Cancer of the Thyroid

thyroidCancer that forms in the thyroid gland (an organ at the base of the throat that makes hormones that help control heart rate, blood pressure, body temperature, and weight). Four main types of thyroid cancer are papillary, follicular, medullary, and anaplastic thyroid cancer. The four types are based on how the cancer cells look under a microscope.

In the last two decades hyperthermia has increasingly been used as adjuvant therapy for the treatment of malignant tumours. The effects of heat were therefore analysed on cultured thyroid epithelial cells from patients with thyroid cancer and from non-malignant control thyroids. Purified thyroid cells were subjected to heat treatment (42.5°C; 90 min). After 24 h [3H]thymidine incorporation was assessed and the expression of heat shock protein 72 (hsp72), thyroglobulin, CD54 (ICAM-I) and MHC class-Il were analysed by immunofluorescence staining. Additionally mRNA analysis was performed by Northern blotting. Whereas hyperthermia inhibited the proliferation of thyroid cells, it significantly increased the expression of hsp72, thyroglobulin, CD54 and HLA-DR (P < 0.05). Our results suggest that hyperthermia may suppress growth while supporting differentiation and immune recognition in thyroid cancer. It may therefore be beneficial as a treatment for patients with thyroid carcinoma.

Cancer Letters:Volume 87, Issue 1, 25 November 1994, Pages 65–71